HEALTH

What Are The Types Of Orthopedic Services Provided?

Orthopedics, or orthopedic services, focus on treating diseases and conditions of the musculoskeletal system. This system includes your bones, ligaments, joints, tendons, and muscles. There can be various medical problems and conditions that can affect the bones, joints, tendons, ligaments, and muscles.

The major or common bone problems may include:

Fractures
Bone deformities
Bone infections
Bone tumors
Nonunions: failure of fractures to heal
Need for amputation
Spinal deformities
Malunions: fractures healing in a wrong position

Joint problems may include:
Joint pain
Arthritis
Bursitis
Dislocation
Ligament Tears
Joint swelling or inflammation

Common orthopedic-related diagnoses based on the affected body part include:

ANKLE AND FOOT

Bunions
Fractures
Fasciitis
Foot and ankle deformities
Heel spurs
Hammer’s toe
Heel pain
Sprains
Joint pain and arthritis
Sesamoiditis
Tarsal tunnel syndrome
Tendon or ligament injury

HAND AND WRIST

Joint pain
Fractures
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Arthritis
Tendon or ligament injury
Tendinitis
Ganglion cyst
Infection
Tendon Tears

SHOULDER

Arthritis
Dislocation
Bursitis
Rotator cuff tear
Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis)
Impingement syndrome
Loose or foreign bodies
Separation
Rotator cuff tendinitis
Fractures
Torn labrum
SLAP tears

KNEE

Cartilage and meniscus injuries
Dislocation of the kneecap (patella)
Meniscus injuries
Ligament sprains or tears (anterior and posterior cruciate, lateral collateral ligament tears, and medial collateral )
Knee pain
Loose or foreign bodies
Osgood-Schlatter disease
Fractures
Tendinitis

ELBOW

Arthritis
Dislocation or separation
Bursitis
Pain
Ligament sprains or tears
Loose or foreign bodies
Fractures
Tennis or golfers elbow (epicondylitis or tendinitis)
Elbow stiffness or contractures

SPINE

Herniated (slipped) disk
Injury to the spine
Infection of the spine
Fractures
Scoliosis
Spinal stenosis
Spinal tumor
Spinal cord injuries

SERVICES AND TREATMENTS

Imaging procedures may help to diagnose or even treat several orthopedic conditions. Your health care provider may order:
⦁ Bone scans
⦁ Arthrogram (joint x-ray)
⦁ X-rays
⦁ Computed tomography (CT) scan
⦁ Discography
⦁ Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan

Sometimes, treatment might also involve injections of medicine into the painful area. This may involve:
⦁ Hyaluronic acid injection to relieve arthritis pain
⦁ Corticosteroid injections into joints, tendons, ligaments, and around the spine

Surgical procedures that are used in the treatment of orthopedics include:
⦁ Fracture care
⦁ Amputation
⦁ Bunionectomy and hammertoe repair
⦁ Cartilage repair or resurfacing procedures
⦁ Cartilage surgery to the knee
⦁ Ligament reconstructions
⦁ Arthroplasty
⦁ Arthroscopic surgeries
⦁ Repair of torn ligaments and tendons
⦁ Spine surgery, including discectomy, laminectomy, foraminotomy, and spinal fusion

Newer or recent orthopedic services procedures include:
⦁ Advanced external fixation
⦁ Minimally invasive surgery
⦁ Usage of bone graft substitutes and bone-fusing protein

Who Is Involved In Providing The Service Or Treatment?

Orthopedic care often involves a team approach and orthopedic surgeon Dallas TX. The team may include a doctor, a non-doctor specialist, and others. Non-doctor specialists are healthcare professionals, such as a physical therapist.

Orthopedic surgeons take 5 or more extra years of training after medical school. They specialize in the treatment of disorders of the bones, tendons, muscles, and ligaments. They are also trained to manage joint problems with operative as well as non-operative methods.
Physical medicine and rehabilitation doctors have 4 or more years of training after medical school. They are specialized in this type of care and are also referred to as physiatrists. They do not perform surgery, but they can give joint injections.
Sports medicine physicians are those doctors that have experience in sports medicine. They have a primary specialty in emergency medicine, family practice, internal medicine, pediatrics, or physical medicine and rehabilitation. Most physicians have 1 to 2 years of additional training in sports medicine with subspecialty programs in sports medicine. It is a special branch of orthopedics and provides complete medical care to active people of all age groups. Look for best orthopedic knee surgeons in Dallas for knee replacement surgery.
Other doctors who may be a part of the orthopedics team include:
⦁ Primary care doctors
⦁ Neurologists
⦁ Pain specialists
⦁ Chiropractors
⦁ Psychiatrists

Non-doctor health professionals that are a part of the orthopedics team include:
⦁ Physical therapists
⦁ Athletic trainers
⦁ Counselors
⦁ Nurse practitioners
⦁ Vocational workers
⦁ Physician assistants
⦁ Psychologists
⦁ Social workers

 

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